Newcastle Avenue was built by the 4th Duke of Newcastle in 1842 to improve access to Chesterfield, diverting the River Ryton to its present course. The houses in Queen's Terrace, facing you as you approach from Norfolk Street, have plaques commemorating Queen Victoria's Jubilee in 1897.
The Essoldo Cinema, now demolished, opened here in 1912, The Billiard Hall was built in 1915 and the Palais de Danse was built about 1920 making this the centre for leisure activities in the town in the early 20th century. The Salvation Army Citadel was built in 1909. Between 1908 and 1911 a grand Arcade of shops was built on the site of the old cattle market, between Newcastle Avenue and Bridge Street, some of which can still be seen at first storey level.